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[架构设计]maven+spring+springmvc+mybatis整合

  2016-04-01 16:51:37

开发环境:eclipse-mars2(自带maven)
1,创建工程file-new-maven project-next

选择webapp-next

填写项目名字-finish

此时的项目前有红色X,项目结构也有问题,需要处理一下,选中项目右键-properties-resource-utf-8 apply

,选择java build path-jre-edit-勾选workspace defult……,apply-finish


还报错,继续,打开pom.xml,加入
!-- 导入java ee jar 包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax</groupId>
            <artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>
            <version>7.0</version>
        </dependency>

问题解决。项目结构如下:

2,现在整合spring+mybatis
pom.xml文件引入相关jar包,内附说明,
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

	<groupId>com.foresee</groupId>

	<artifactId>mssm</artifactId>

	<packaging>war</packaging>

	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>

	<name>mssm</name>

	<url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

	<properties>
		<!-- spring版本号 -->
		<spring.version>4.0.2.RELEASE</spring.version>
		<!-- mybatis版本号 -->
		<mybatis.version>3.2.6</mybatis.version>
		<!-- log4j日志文件管理包版本 -->
		<slf4j.version>1.7.7</slf4j.version>
		<log4j.version>1.2.17</log4j.version>
	</properties>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>junit</groupId>
			<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
			<version>4.11</version>
			<!-- 表示开发的时候引入,发布的时候不会加载此包 -->
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
		<!-- spring核心包 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-oxm</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- mybatis核心包 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
			<artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
			<version>${mybatis.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- mybatis/spring包 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
			<artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
			<version>1.2.2</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- 导入java ee jar 包 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>javax</groupId>
			<artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>
			<version>7.0</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- 导入Mysql数据库链接jar包 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>mysql</groupId>
			<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
			<version>5.1.30</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- 导入dbcp的jar包,用来在applicationContext.xml中配置数据库 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-dbcp</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-dbcp</artifactId>
			<version>1.2.2</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- JSTL标签类 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>jstl</groupId>
			<artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
			<version>1.2</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- 日志文件管理包 -->
		<!-- log start -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>log4j</groupId>
			<artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
			<version>${log4j.version}</version>
		</dependency>


		<!-- 格式化对象,方便输出日志 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
			<artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
			<version>1.1.41</version>
		</dependency>


		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
			<artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
			<version>${slf4j.version}</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
			<artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
			<version>${slf4j.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- log end -->
		<!-- 映入JSON -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId>
			<artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId>
			<version>1.9.13</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- 上传组件包 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
			<version>1.3.1</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-io</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
			<version>2.4</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-codec</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId>
			<version>1.9</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
	<build>
		<finalName>mssm</finalName>
		<!-- jetty插件 -->
		<plugins>
	<plugin>
		<groupId>org.mortbay.jetty</groupId>
		<artifactId>maven-jetty-plugin</artifactId>
		<version>6.1.26</version>
		<configuration>
			<!-- 在很短的时间间隔内在扫描web应用检查是否有改变,如果发觉有任何改变则自动热部署。默认为0,表示禁用热部署检查。任何一个大于0的数字都将表示启用。 -->
			<scanIntervalSeconds>10</scanIntervalSeconds>
			<webAppConfig>
				<!-- jetty插件启动后的访问路径: http://localhost:8080/mssm -->
				<contextPath>/mssm</contextPath>
				<tempDirectory>${project.build.directory}/work</tempDirectory>
			</webAppConfig>
		</configuration>
	</plugin>


			<!-- java编译版本 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>2.3.2</version>
				<configuration>
					<source>1.6</source>
					<target>1.6</target>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>

	</build>

</project>
spring-mybatis.xml整合文件
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd">
	<!-- 自动扫描 -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.foresee" />

	<!-- 引入配置文件spring4.0新方式 -->
	<context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties"/>
	
	<bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource" destroy-method="close">
		<property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driver}" />
		<property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}" />
		<property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}" />
		<property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}" />
		<!-- 初始化连接大小 -->
		<property name="initialSize" value="${initialSize}"></property>
		<!-- 连接池最大数量 -->
		<property name="maxActive" value="${maxActive}"></property>
		<!-- 连接池最大空闲 -->
		<property name="maxIdle" value="${maxIdle}"></property>
		<!-- 连接池最小空闲 -->
		<property name="minIdle" value="${minIdle}"></property>
		<!-- 获取连接最大等待时间 -->
		<property name="maxWait" value="${maxWait}"></property>
	</bean>
	

	<!-- spring和MyBatis完美整合,不需要mybatis的配置映射文件 -->
	<bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
		<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
		<!-- 自动扫描mapping.xml文件 -->
		<property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:com/foresee/mapping/*Mapper.xml"></property>
	</bean>

	<!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 -->
	<bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
		<property name="basePackage" value="com.foresee.dao" />
		<property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"></property>
	</bean>

	<!-- (事务管理)transaction manager, use JtaTransactionManager for global tx -->
	<bean id="transactionManager"
		class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
		<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
	</bean>

</beans>

jdbc.propertis文件
jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/foresee
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=root
#定义初始连接数
initialSize=0
#定义最大连接数
maxActive=20
#定义最大空闲
maxIdle=20
#定义最小空闲
minIdle=1
#定义最长等待时间
maxWait=60000

log4j.propertis文件
log4j.rootLogger=INFO,Console,File  
#\u5B9A\u4E49\u65E5\u5FD7\u8F93\u51FA\u76EE\u7684\u5730\u4E3A\u63A7\u5236\u53F0  
log4j.appender.Console=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender  
log4j.appender.Console.Target=System.out  
#\u53EF\u4EE5\u7075\u6D3B\u5730\u6307\u5B9A\u65E5\u5FD7\u8F93\u51FA\u683C\u5F0F\uFF0C\u4E0B\u9762\u4E00\u884C\u662F\u6307\u5B9A\u5177\u4F53\u7684\u683C\u5F0F  
log4j.appender.Console.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout  
log4j.appender.Console.layout.ConversionPattern=[%c] - %m%n  
  
#\u6587\u4EF6\u5927\u5C0F\u5230\u8FBE\u6307\u5B9A\u5C3A\u5BF8\u7684\u65F6\u5019\u4EA7\u751F\u4E00\u4E2A\u65B0\u7684\u6587\u4EF6  
log4j.appender.File = org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender  
#\u6307\u5B9A\u8F93\u51FA\u76EE\u5F55  
log4j.appender.File.File = logs/ssm.log  
#\u5B9A\u4E49\u6587\u4EF6\u6700\u5927\u5927\u5C0F  
log4j.appender.File.MaxFileSize = 10MB  
# \u8F93\u51FA\u6240\u4EE5\u65E5\u5FD7\uFF0C\u5982\u679C\u6362\u6210DEBUG\u8868\u793A\u8F93\u51FADEBUG\u4EE5\u4E0A\u7EA7\u522B\u65E5\u5FD7  
log4j.appender.File.Threshold = ALL  
log4j.appender.File.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout  
log4j.appender.File.layout.ConversionPattern =[%p] [%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH\:mm\:ss}][%c]%m%n

web.xml文件
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
			xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
			xmlns:web="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" version="3.0">
  <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>
  <context-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>classpath:spring-mybatis.xml</param-value>
  </context-param>
  <filter>
    <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
    <async-supported>true</async-supported>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>encoding</param-name>
      <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.IntrospectorCleanupListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
      <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    <async-supported>true</async-supported>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>/index.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

3、整合spring-mvc.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
	xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc    
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd">
	<!-- 自动扫描该包,使SpringMVC认为包下用了@controller注解的类是控制器 -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.foresee.controller" />
	<!--避免IE执行AJAX时,返回JSON出现下载文件 -->
	<bean id="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter"
		class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter">
		<property name="supportedMediaTypes">
			<list>
				<value>text/html;charset=UTF-8</value>
			</list>
		</property>
	</bean>
	<!-- 启动SpringMVC的注解功能,完成请求和注解POJO的映射 -->
	<bean
		class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter">
		<property name="messageConverters">
			<list>
				<ref bean="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" /> <!-- JSON转换器 -->
			</list>
		</property>
	</bean>
	<!-- 定义跳转的文件的前后缀 ,视图模式配置 -->
	<bean
		class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
		<!-- 这里的配置我的理解是自动给后面action的方法return的字符串加上前缀和后缀,变成一个 可用的url地址 -->
		<property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/" />
		<property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
	</bean>
	
	<!-- 配置文件上传,如果没有使用文件上传可以不用配置,当然如果不配,那么配置文件中也不必引入上传组件包 -->
	<bean id="multipartResolver"
		class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
		<!-- 默认编码 -->
		<property name="defaultEncoding" value="utf-8" />
		<!-- 文件大小最大值 -->
		<property name="maxUploadSize" value="10485760000" />
		<!-- 内存中的最大值 -->
		<property name="maxInMemorySize" value="40960" />
	</bean>

</beans>  

4、创建数据库foresee,创建user表


5、 实体类user.java
package com.foresee.pogo;

public class User {
    private int id;

    private String userName;

    private String password;

	public int getId() {
		return id;
	}

	public void setId(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}

	public String getUserName() {
		return userName;
	}

	public void setUserName(String userName) {
		this.userName = userName;
	}

	public String getPassword() {
		return password;
	}

	public void setPassword(String password) {
		this.password = password;
	}


    

}

6、映射文件UserMapper.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >
<mapper namespace="com.foresee.dao.IUserDao">
  <resultMap id="ResultMap" type="com.foresee.pogo.User">
    <id column="id" property="id" jdbcType="INTEGER" />
    <result column="userName" property="userName" jdbcType="VARCHAR" />
    <result column="password" property="password" jdbcType="VARCHAR" />
  </resultMap>
  
  <select id="selectById" resultMap="ResultMap" parameterType="int" >
    select id, userName, password
    from user
    where id = #{id}
  </select>
  
  <delete id="deleteById" parameterType="int" >
    delete from user
    where id = #{id}
  </delete>
  
  <insert id="addUser" parameterType="com.foresee.pogo.User" >
    insert into user (id, userName, password)
    values (#{id}, #{userName}, #{password})
  </insert>
  
  <update id="updateById" parameterType="com.foresee.pogo.User" >
    update user
    <set >
      <if test="userName != null" >
        userName = #{userName},
      </if>
      <if test="password != null" >
        password = #{password},
      </if>
    </set>
    where id = #{id}
  </update>
  
</mapper>

7、DAO接口IUserDao.java
package com.foresee.dao;

import com.foresee.pogo.User;

public interface IUserDao {
		public void deleteById(int id);

		public void addUser(User user);

	    public User selectById(int id);

	    public void updateById(User user);
}

8、建立service接口和实现类
package com.foresee.service;

import com.foresee.pogo.User;

public interface IUserService {
     public User getUserById(int id);  
}



	

实现类
package com.foresee.serviceImpl;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import com.foresee.dao.IUserDao;
import com.foresee.pogo.User;
import com.foresee.service.IUserService;

@Service("userService")
public class IUserServiceImpl implements IUserService {
	@Resource
	private IUserDao userDao;
	
	public User getUserById(int id) {
		return this.userDao.selectById(id);
	}

}

	

9、在webapp创建jsp文件
<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>  
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">  
<html>  
  <head>  
    <title>测试</title>  
  </head>  
    
  <body>  
    ${user.userName}  
  </body>  
</html> 

10、创建controller文件
package com.foresee.controller;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import com.foresee.pogo.User;
import com.foresee.service.IUserService;

@Controller  
@RequestMapping("/user") 
public class UserController {
	@Resource  
    private IUserService userService;  
      
    @RequestMapping("/showUser")  
    public String toIndex(HttpServletRequest request,Model model){  
        int id = Integer.parseInt(request.getParameter("id"));  
        User user = this.userService.getUserById(id);  
        model.addAttribute("user", user);  
        return "showUser";
    }
}

11、创建测试类
import javax.annotation.Resource;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.foresee.pogo.User;
import com.foresee.service.IUserService;

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
// 表示继承了SpringJUnit4ClassRunner类
@ContextConfiguration(locations = { "classpath:spring-mybatis.xml" })
public class TestMyBatis {
	private static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(TestMyBatis.class);
	@Resource
	private IUserService userService = null;

	@Test
	public void test1() {
		User user = userService.getUserById(1);
		 System.out.println(user.getUserName());
		logger.info(JSON.toJSONString(user));
	}
}

测试结果

运行项目,利用jetty:run

run完毕,浏览器输入localhost:8080/mssm/user/showUser?id=1

这是一个和bug战斗的过程。
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